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Ackley, 1996
Ackley, D. H. (1996).
ccr: A network of worlds for research.
In Langton, C. and Shimohara, K., editors, Artificial Life V. (Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems), pages 116-123, Cambridge, MA. The MIT Press.

Booch, 1994
Booch, G. (1994).
Object-Oriented Analysis and Design With Applications.
Addison-Wesley Object Technology Series. Addison-Wesley, 2nd edition.

Cohen, 1987
Cohen, F. (1987).
Computer viruses.
Computers & Security, 6:22-35.

Dawkins, 1991
Dawkins, R. (1991).
Viruses of the mind.
On the web 1/10/2000 at

Dennett, 1978
Dennett, D. C. (1978).
Why you can't make a computer that feels pain.
Synthese, 38(3):415-456.
Also in Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind an Psychology, Bradford Books.

Dertouzos, 1997
Dertouzos, M. L. (1997).
What Will Be: How the New World of Information Will Change Our Lives.
Harper Edge, San Francisco, USA.

Forrest et al., 1996
Forrest, S., Hofmeyr, S., Somayaji, A., and Longstaff, T. (1996).
A sense of self for unix processes.
In Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE Symposium on Computer Security and Privacy. IEEE Press.

Forrest et al., 1998
Forrest, S., Somayaji, A., and Ackley, D. H. (1998).
Building diverse computer systems.
In Sixth Workshop on Hot Topics in Operating Systems.

Gould, 1989
Gould, S. (1989).
Wonderful life: The Burgess Shale and the nature of history.
W.W. Norton.

Helfman, 1996
Helfman, J. (1996).
Dotplot patterns: A literal look at pattern languages.
Theory and Practice of Object Systems, 2(1):31-41.

Horowitz et al., 1997
Horowitz, E., Sahni, S., and Rajasekaran, S. (1997).
Computer algorithms/C++.
W. H. Freeman Press.

Kephart, 1994
Kephart, J. O. (1994).
A biologically inspired immune system for computers.
In Brooks, R. and Maes, P., editors, Proceedings of Artificial Life IV, Cambridge, MA. MIT Press.

Kephart et al., 1995
Kephart, J. O., Sorkin, G. B., Arnold, W. C., Chess, D. M., Tesauro, G. J., and White, S. R. (1995).
Biologically inspired defenses against computer viruses.
In IJCAI '95. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.

Langton, 1989
Langton, C. G. (1989).
Artificial life.
In Langton, C. G., editor, Artificial Life (Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, Vol VI), pages 1-47, Reading, MA. Addison-Wesley.

Mattis and Kimball, 2000
Mattis, P. and Kimball, S. (2000).
The GNU Image Manipulation Program home page.

Meyer, 1988
Meyer, B. (1988).
Object-oriented Software Construction.
Prentice Hall.

Sale, 1998
Sale, A. E. (1998).
The colossus of Bletchley Park: The German cipher system.
On the web 10/31/1999 at
Presented at the International Conference on the History of Computing, Paderborn, Germany.

Sober, 1992
Sober, E. (1992).
Learning from functionalism: Prospects for strong artificial life.
In Langton, C. G., Taylor, C., Farmer, J. D., and Rasmussen, S., editors, Artificial Life II, pages 749-765, Reading, MA. Addison-Wesley.

Spafford, 1992
Spafford, E. H. (1992).
Computer viruses--a form of artificial life?
In Langton, C. G., Taylor, C., Farmer, J. D., and Rasmussen, S., editors, Artificial Life II, pages 727-745. Addison-Wesley, Redwood City, CA.

Stein, 1998
Stein, L. A. (1998).
What we've swept under the rug: Radically rethinking CS1.
Computer Science Education, 8(2):118-129.

Vatis, 1999
Vatis, M. A. (1999).
Statement for the record before the House Science Committee, Subcommitte on Technology.
Comments by the Director of the National Infrastructure Protection Center. On the web at

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